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5 things to know for November 8: Mass shooting, Sessions, Trump, China, Girl Scouts

(CNN)We begin the morning with news of yet another mass shooting. Here’s what you need to know to Get Up to Speed and Out the Door. (You can also get “5 Things You Need to Know Today” delivered to your inbox daily. Sign up here.)

1. California shooting

Twelve people are dead after a gunman barged into a bar in Southern California and started firing. The shooter is dead as well. This tragedy happened at the Borderline Bar & Grill in Thousand Oaks as it was hosting a college night. People who were dancing dropped to the floor and hid behind chairs and counters in stunned silence, witnesses said. Others jumped over chairs and broke windows to get out. A sheriff’s deputy who was one of the first on the scene is among the dead. News of this mass shooting is still breaking, so click here for the latest updates.

      Father chokes up giving account of shooting

    2. Jeff Sessions

    The fact that President Trump fired Attorney General Jeff Sessions wasn’t a surprise (he’d strongly hinted at that for months). But no one expected it to come the day after the midterm elections. Sessions submitted to Trump an undated resignation letter — “at your request” — after being asked to by White House Chief of Staff John Kelly. Sessions was one of Trump’s first and most loyal supporters. But the President quickly soured on him over his decision to recuse himself from the Russia investigation. Still, Sessions implemented Trump’s vision, rolling back Obama-era policies on immigration, police reform and civil rights.
    Matthew Whitaker, Sessions’ chief of staff, takes over as acting attorney general. And that’s already sparking controversy because Whitaker has spoken out in the past against the Russia investigation — which he will now oversee. Democrats already want him to recuse himself. Many fear the President is effectively trying to end special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into his 2016 campaign’s actions.

      Whitaker likes to talk about Mueller

    3. President Trump

    The White House pulled the press pass of CNN chief White House correspondent Jim Acosta after he angered President Trump by asking questions at a post-midterms news conference. Trump insulted Acosta and called him a “terrible” person. White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders then falsely accused Acosta of “placing his hands on” a White House intern who tried to grab the microphone from him. (He didn’t, saying, “Pardon me, ma’am,” as he held onto the mic; watch the video.) Acosta wasn’t the only reporter Trump tangled with. He described as “racist” a question he got about calling himself a nationalist and yelled at reporter April Ryan to “sit down” as she tried to ask him a question. The White House Correspondents’ Association called the White House’s actions “unacceptable,” while CNN said it stands behind Acosta and called Trump’s attacks “disturbingly un-American.”

      Trump clashes with Acosta in testy exchange

    4. Chinese exports

    The Trump tariffs on China aren’t having much effect on China’s exports so far. Chinese exports rose 16% in October, much more than analysts had predicted. It was also stronger than September’s growth. This is significant because October was the first full month during which new US tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese goods were in effect. And those tariffs will rise from 10% to 25% at the end of the year, so it looks like companies are ramping up their exports to avoid the higher duties that are on the way.

      White House trade adviser: Ball’s in China’s court

    5. Girl Scouts vs. Boy Scouts

    The Girl Scouts have had enough, and they’re going to court. The Girl Scouts of the USA is suing the Boy Scouts of America for trademark infringement after the Boy Scouts group said it was dropping the world “boy” from its name and calling itself Scouts BSA starting next year. The Girl Scouts say the Boy Scouts don’t have the right to use “scouts” or “scouting,” and allege that the Girl Scouts brand and activities will be harmed by the Boy Scouts rebranded program. The boys’ group has already begun to welcome older girls.

      Girls can join Boys Scout of America


    Not-so-friendly skies
    An airline flight crew was permanently grounded after its members were accused of faking a photo of themselves sleeping on the floor of an airport.

      Ryanair fires staff for allegedly faking photo of sleeping on airport floor

    Like father, like son
    Michael Douglas, who just got his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, gave us all the feels as he got emotional talking about his dad, Kirk Douglas.
    Baby talk
    Talk to your baby the way you’d talk to your dog? An expert says it’s a great way to help kids process language.

      The science of baby talk

    The robots are coming (again)
    Not only can artwork now be created by artificial intelligence, the paintings can fetch a pretty penny at auction, too.


    $300 million
    The value of the contract that baseball star Bryce Harper reportedly turned down from the Washington Nationals


      A walk in the woods
      This one’s pretty simple. Just a man walking his two cats, because we all need something relaxing like that in our lives right now. (Click to view.)

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      Government parenting advice ‘patronising’

      Media playback is unsupported on your device

      Media captionChildren, parents and grandparents have mixed feelings over the advice

      Have you ever been tempted to bite your child back, threaten to have the police take them away, use a put down or even tease them when they wet the bed?

      According to Welsh Government advice described by some as “patronising”, parents should not do any of this.

      Others have praised the idea, but criticised Parenting. Give it time for being inaccessible to those who would benefit from it the most.

      The Welsh Government said it was not intended as rules but rather ideas.

      The campaign is being launched to “help parents better understand the benefits of positive parenting techniques”, as the Welsh Government prepares to introduce legislation that would ban the smacking of children, said minister for children Huw Irranca-Davies.

      But the government has been criticised for some of its more basic advice, including:

      • If your child bites you, stay calm. Don’t smack or bite your toddler back. This will hurt your child and give them the wrong message that this behaviour is OK
      • If your child is wetting the bed, don’t punish, criticise or tease them for it
      • In responding to unwanted or problem behaviour, avoid put downs. Try to encourage effort instead
      • Threatening your child with scary things like “the police will take you away” may make your child anxious and may lead to more unwanted behaviour, not less
      • Children aged 18 months and younger should not look at electronic screens at all
      • Screen time should be limited to one hour per day for children aged between two and five years old, and children and adults should avoid watching screens before bed.

      What do parents think?

      Image caption Kirsty Maniatt said parenting styles are very unique to each family

      Kirsty Maniatt, who has a son, 10, and daughter, eight, said: “I don’t think there is a right or wrong answer – you do what you need to get through and what works best for your family.”

      Grandfather-of-seven Ken Frater said he appreciated that some people do not need advice on parenting while others do.

      But Fran Caunt said general advice on parenting for the whole population was “dangerous”.

      Image caption Fran Caunt believes a government suggesting how parents should parent is “dangerous”

      “I think all parents have their different style of parenting and that is what makes us all different,” Ms Caunt added.

      “I think it would be very difficult to come up with a set list of dos and don’ts because every family is different.”

      Grandmother Jean Williams used the example of physical punishment to argue that government parenting advice was a good idea.

      “If you smack children then the child will smack others back and also, if they bite a child. when they bite them then the child will learn to bite another child back.”

      Image caption Grandmother Jean Williams is more sympathetic to the Welsh Government’s advice

      Charlotte Harding, a parenting blogger from Cardiff, praised the idea but said most parents already knew the advice because it was “quite straightforward”.

      “Sometimes parents can feel like ‘why are they telling me this?’ It can be patronising to people who are experienced, but a lot of parents don’t know,” she said.

      Ms Harding believes the advice will be useful to some parents, particularly in more deprived areas, but said the “text-heavy” website was “inaccessible” to much of its target audience.

      “Some parents who find it hard and don’t know what to do, don’t want to read the whole thing because it is so long,” she explained.

      Image copyright Charlotte Harding
      Image caption Parenting blogger Charlotte Harding with her sons Harrison (left), four, and Ethan, six

      Responding to the criticism, a Welsh Government spokesperson said its website had been developed with the help of educational psychologists, health visitors and parenting experts.

      “We recognise that every child and every parent is unique and the website is not intended as a set of parenting rules that must be followed,” the spokesperson added.

      “It is intended to give parents ideas so they can make decisions about what can work for their child and family.”

      The spokesperson added that it offers advice in “a range of materials” including videos, and will soon be publishing blogs and “vlogs” – video blogs – from parents.

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      Moms who use egg donors lack confidence in parenting ability, study finds

      London (CNN)Mothers who give birth using donor eggs may react less sensitively to their babies and have a lower confidence in their parenting ability, a study says.

      The team interviewed 85 families who’d conceived using egg donation and 65 families who had children through the mother’s own eggs.
      They also observed mothersplaying with their children as they normally would.
        During interviews, mothers who used a donor’s eggs were more likely to express a lack of confidence in their own parenting ability, the paper says. Changes were not detected in fathers.
        The study suggests this may be associated with the older age of mothers who had used donor eggs.
        Other differences included how quickly mothers read signals given by babies, such as boredom, and the study also noticed that egg donor infants were “less emotionally responsive and involving of the mother” than babies who were genetically related to their mothers.
        “Egg donation mothers were responding slightly less sensitively and they were structuring their play slightly less” than mothers who had used their own eggs as part of in-vitro fertilization, the study’s lead author, Susan Imrie, a research associate at the University of Cambridge, told CNN.
        But the authors stressed that the overall cohesion and strength of relationships between mother and baby were not tested.
        “The main takeaway is that the parents and babies are doing well,” said Imrie. “Although we did find these subtle difference in the play task, egg donor mums and IVF mums did look more similar than different.”
        The authors did not suggest that mothers who used egg donors were less capable mothers, and the study is “no basis for saying anything much about child welfare,” said Ellie Lee, director of the Centre for Parenting Culture Studies at the University of Kent. Lee was not involved in the study.

        Sign up here to get The Results Are In with Dr. Sanjay Gupta every Tuesday from the CNN Health team.

        “These mums have no need to worry any more than they do already any more than they do already about themselves or their children,” Lee added. “Overall, it’s wonderful that technology allows women and men who otherwise would not be able to, to have children, and society would do well to keep its eye on this, rather than anything else.”
        An estimated 3,924 women underwent IVF using a donor egg in the UK in 2016, the last year for which figures are available, compared to 1,912 in 2006, according to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority.
          In the US, 76,930 total IVF births – including donor and non-donor eggs – occurred in 2016, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
          Since the procedure became available 40 years ago, at least 8 million babies have born using IVF worldwide. Today, more than two million treatment cycles from IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection are performed each year, resulting in half a million babies globally.

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